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Mohenjo Daro: History & Facts About Ruins of Mohenjodaro Civilization

Mohenjo daro is a Pakistani ancient city with an interesting history and some really fascinating facts. Mohenjodaro was founded in approximately 2600 BCE. Today, this popular archaeological ruins provide a peek into the history of the Indus Valley’s once-greatest civilization.

Here are a few fascinating facts about Mohenjo Daro ruins.

Photo By: The Nation

Mohenjodaro: History & Facts About Ruins of the Greatest Indus Valley Civilization

In the late 1820s, a British explorer called Charles Masson discovered some enigmatic remains and brick mounds in India, the earliest evidence of Harappa’s lost city.

Railway engineers discovered more bricks thirty years later, in 1856, and carted them away before starting the railway construction. Archaeologists began excavating and uncovering the Harappa and Mohenjo daro ruins in the 1920s. 

Mohenjodaro is the oldest city in the world. The ruins are located in Larkana District in Sindh.

Scientists from IIT-Kharagpur and the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) discovered evidence suggesting the Indus Valley civilization is at least 8,000 years old, rather than the 5,500 years previously thought.

This revelation, which was published on May 25, 2016, in Nature magazine, makes it not just older than the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations, but also the world’s oldest!

Scientists have uncovered numerous granaries in Mohenjodaro, which shows the inhabitants’ dependence on grains.

In the excavations of Harappa, Mohenjo Daro, and Rakhigarhi, evidence of numerous granaries, enormous buildings with substantial brick foundations and sockets for timber superstructures, has been discovered.

All of the granaries were built close to the river’s edge so that grains could be conveniently carried by boat. A set of working platforms with circular bricks adjacent were presumably utilised for threshing grain.

Photo By: The Nation

Residents of Mohenjo Daro civilization played a game similar to Chess

The residents of the Indus Valley Civilization were known to enjoy games and toys, according to evidence. The discovery of flat stones with engraved grid marks and playing pieces suggests that the Indus people may have played an early variant of chess.

Do you know Mohenjo Daro name means “Mound of the Dead.”

Photo By: The Nation

Mohenjo Daro Urban/ Town Planning

The residents of the ancient Indus civilization cities were expert urban planners who valued water management, as demonstrated by a well-planned street grid and an intricate drainage system present in the lost city. Wells and bathing areas for each house were also planned throughout the city.

The richness and grandeur of the city may be seen in the artifacts, including jewelry, beads, and pottery, found in almost every home, as well as the baked-brick city structures.

Even if not everyone was wealthy, the poor were likely to have enough to eat. The cities are devoid of ostentatious structures such as palaces and temples, as well as any evidence of a ruler or a central seat of government. Furthermore, the Indus people had few enemies and preferred to live in peace, as seen by the lack of weapons.

Photo By: The Nation

The practice of trade without money was common.

Seals and weights found in the remains of many Harappan and Mohenjo Daro cities point to a strictly regulated trade system.

The Indus civilization relied heavily on barter trade (rather than money), and Mesopotamia was their primary trading partner. There is evidence that residents of Mesopotamian towns such as Ur possessed Harappan luxury items such as beads, pottery, swords, and small carved bones.

Read More: 9 Interesting Facts About Chitral

Read More: 5 Places To Visit In The Port City Of Gwadar

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