Saturday, February 4, 2023
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River System of Pakistan: List of All Famous Rivers

Here’s a brief account on the river system of Pakistan and a list of all famous rivers, along with their length, dams, barrages, and important tributaries.

There are 3 river systems in Pakistan:

  1. Indus River System
  2. Internal River System of Balochistan
  3. Coastal River System of Balochistan

Indus River System

Indus River system comprises of Indus river and all its tributaries, which are:

  • Eastern Tributaries: Rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej from Punjab
  • Western Tributaries: Rivers Kabul, Kurram, Tochi from KPK and rivers Gomal and Zhob from Balochistan

Where Rivers Meet?

  • River Jhelum joins Chenab at Atharhazairi near Trimmu, Jhang
  • River Ravi joins Chenab at Ahmed pur Sial, Jhang
  • Chenab joins Sutlej River at Uch/ Panjnad (Bahawalpur) and forms the Panjnad River
  • River Panjnad joins Indus River at Mithankot (Rajanpur)
River System of Pakistan: List of All Famous Rivers
Indus River System of Pakistan

Indus River (3180 km)

Other Names of Indus River

  • Tibetan river
  • Sanskrit Sindhu river
  • Sindhi Sindhu river
  • Mehran river

River Indus Path

  • River Indus (3180k long) starts from Lake Manasarovar near mount Kailash in Tibet, and passes through Himalayas & Karakoram (Ladakh) in IOK to GB & Hindu Kush, then through KPK, then makes border between KPK and Punjab, then flows through Punjab, Sindh and ultimately falls into Arabian Sea at Thatha.

Annual Flow

  • 21st largest river in the world in terms of annual water flow
  • Its annual flow is about 58 cubic miles (243 cubic km)
  • Its annual flow is twice that of the Nile River and three times that of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers combined.

Famous Dams on Indus River

  • Tarbela Dam (4888 MW) in Haripur, KPK
  • Ghazi Barotha Dam (1450 MW) in Attock, Punjab
  • Satpara Dam in Skardu, GB
  • [Planned] Diamer Bhasha Dam (4500 MW) in Chilas, GB
  • [Planned] Kalabagh Dam (3600 MW) in Mainwali

Famous Barrages on Indus River

  • There are six barrages on Indus River, Guddu, Sukkur, Kotri are in Sindh and Chashma, Taunsa, Kalabagh are in Punjab.
  • Kotri barrage is also known as Ghulam Muhammad barrage, while Kalabagh barrage is also known as Jinnah barrage.

Chenab River (974 km)

Chenab River Path

  • The Chenab River (974 km) originates near Bara-lacha la pass in Zanskar Range in Himachal Pardesh state of India by confluence of two rivers, Chandra and Bhaga. It flows through IOK and then through Siwalik Range & Lesser Himalayas and then into Pakistan.
  • It receives the Ravi river at Ahmed pur Sial and Jhelum River at Trimmu and empties into the Sutlej River at Uch

Famous Barrages & Headworks on Chenab River

  • Trimmu Barrage in district Jhang on confluence of Jehlum & Chenab
  • Qadirabad Headworks in district Mandi Bahauddin
  • Khanki Headworks in district Gujranwala
  • Marala Headworks in district Sialkot

Jhelum River (725 km)

Jhelum River Path

  • Verinag spring to Srinagar in IOK è Muzaffarabad in AJK (also receives the Neelum/ Kishanganga River here è Border between AJK and KPK and then enters Punjab è Mangla to Jhelum to Khushab è falls into Chenab at Trimmu

Dams on Jhelum River

  • Mangla dam (1150 MW) in district Mirpur, AJK
  • Neelum-Jehlum hydroelectric project (969 MW) in district Muzzafarabad, AJK

Famous Barrages on Jehlum River

  • Rasul Barrage at district Mandi Bahauddin at 72km downstream of Mangla Dam
  • Trimmu Barrage in district Jhang on confluence of Jehlum & Chenab

Sutlej River (1450 km)

Sutlej River Path

  • Lake Rakshastal in Tibet to Himalayan gorges to Himachal Pradesh to Indian Punjab where it receives Beas river to 65 miles (105 km) of the India-Pakistan border to Pakistan and joins Chenab at Uch, Bahawalpur

Features

  • The longest of the five rivers of historic Punjab
  • After IWT, its solely Indian
  • Length in Pakistan is around 550km
  • Also known as Red River

Ravi River (720 km)

Originates in Himalayas in Himachal Pradesh state to IOK to Punjab in Pakistan to Lahore to Kamalia, an empties into Chenab at Ahmadpur Sial, Jhang

List of All Famous Main & Important Rivers of Pakistan
List of Famous Barrages & Rivers of Pakistan (Photo Credit: YouTube/ World Map)

Internal River System of Balochistan

Internal River System of Balochistan includes those rivers that drain into lakes or plains, and not the Indus river or Arabian.

  • Rivers such as Hamun -e- Mashkel, Hamun Lora, Hamun Murgo, Rakshan drain into inland depressions forming the inland drainage system in Balochistan Plateau.
  • Some rivers such as River Mula, Bolan and Chakar absorb into the Kachhi Sibi Plain.

Coastal River System of Balochistan

Coastal River System of Balochistan includes those rivers that directly fall into Arabian sea, such as:

  • Hab river (enters Sindh and then Arabian sea)
  • Porali river
  • Nal river
  • Hingol river (largest river of Baloshistann)
  • Dasht river
Rivers/ River System of Balochistan
River System of Balochistan

Sources

Dawn, Britannica, AIOU Geography

Read More

List of Famous Barrages & Headworks of Pakistan

List of Dams, Reservoirs & Hydroelectric Projects of Pakistan

Mountain Ranges of Pakistan: List & Map of All Famous Mountains

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